How to configure squid as a reverse proxy in CentOS 7 linux

reverse proxy is the opposite of forward proxy and here we want to show how to configure squid as a reverse proxy in CentOS 7 linux.

specially reverse proxy has application in security designs and normally it will be used to hidden primary servers such as web server behind a proxy.

reverse proxy design can be implemented with apache, nginx, squid and other programs. here we are going to configure squid as a reverse proxy.

Here is our environment:

OS: CentOS 7 linux on VMWare
SELinux: enforcing
IP address:
Internal IP address range:
web server IP address:

and here is our network desing:

1- Install squid

To know about how to install squid, please refer to How to install squid proxy server on CentOS 7 linux.
also here we assume apache server has been installed and set up previously and is listening on port 80 for web requests.

2- Configure squid

In our squid setup, it has been configured to listen on port 80 and authentication is disabled. so for squid to act as a reverse proxy, we need to add these lines to the configuration:

# vim /etc/squid/squid.conf
cache_peer parent 80 0 no-query originserver

it tells squid to forward request to port 80 to which is our web server.
also add this line:

http_port 80 accel defaultsite= vhost

it tells squid to accept connection on port 80 and act as a reverse proxy.

squid actual memory usage is depend on incoming request. so it’s a good idea to increase its memory cache to fit to your needs. here we set it to 500 MB. so add this line to squid config file:

cache_mem 500 MB

also it’s better to set maximum object size that squid will keep it in memory:

maximum_object_size_in_memory 50000 KB

then we will restart squid service:

# systemctl restart squid

3- Test configuration

now we open a browser and enter IP address of squid server.

it must show index page of our web server.